Saturday, 14 May 2016

Are Indian Tribals Hindus? - Part 3 West-Central India



IV. The West-Central Heartland

The West-Central heartland of India consists of the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan in the West and Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in Central India. We must also include here the small states or territories of Goa, Daman-Diu and Dadra-Nagar-Haveli.

First we will take the tribes having more than 97% declared Hindus:

TRIBE
States
Total Population
%age  of Hindus
Bhil
M, G, R, MP, C
143,63,991
98.53
Koli
G
75,99,057
99.59
Kunbi
G
75,88,339
99.81
Mina
R, MP
45,74,086
99.80
Koli Mahadev
M
14,20,656
99.55
Kol
M, MP, C
11,70,525
99.55
Kokna
M, G, R, DNH
10,61,071
97.46
Varli
M, G, Go, DD, DNH
10,48,729
98.05
Kawar
M, MP, C
9,38,210
97.81
Halbi/Halba
M, MP, C
8,40,531
98.65
Dubla
M, G, Go, DD, DNH
8,27,807
99.60
Korka
M, MP, C
8,25,382
99.60
Dhodia
M, G, Go, DD, DNH
7,91,050
99.25
Bharwad
G
6,90,024
100.00
Rathawa
M, G
6,25,644
99.84
Sahariya
R, MP, C
5,88,947
99.66
Vaghri
G
5,20,004
99.99
Thakar
M
4,87,171
99.57
Baiga
M, MP, C
4,65,189
99.34
Andh
M, MP, C
4,23,420
99.22
Chaudhari
G
3,65,554
98.42
Rabari
G
3,30,773
100.00
Bharia Bhumia
M, MP, C
3,30,179
99.19
Pardhan
M, MP, C
3,23,079
98.91
Kathodi
M, G, R, DNH
2,99,757
98.61
Koli Malhar
M
2,93,919
98.65
Koli Dhor
M, G, R, DNH
2,92,537
98.32
Garasia
R
2,34,412
99.27
Kolowar/Kolami
M, MP, C
2,17,212
99.47
Pardhi
M, G, MP, C
2,09,600
99.36
Bhattra
M, MP, C
1,99,219
98.99
Panika
MP
1,91,799
99.58
Saur
MP, C
1,82,483
99.86
Dhanwar
M, MP, C
1,64,475
99.44
Khairwar
M, MP, C
1,53,067
99.52
Naikda
M, G, R, Go, DD, DNH
1,34,817
99.40
Majhi
MP C
1,21,712
99.22
Korwa
MP, C
1,17,062
97.34
Charan
G
1,05,778
100.00
Mawasi
MP, C
1,04,866
99.45
Agariya
MP, C
1,02,795
99.18
Sonr
MP, C
75,748
98.48
Pao
MP, C
69,856
99.83
Bhaina
M, MP, C
69,848
97.24
Damaria/Damor
R, MP, C
61,281
98.59
Majhwar
MP, C
61,120
99.02
Keer
MP
50,310
99.92
Kamar
M, MP, C
39,600
99.09
Karku
MP, C
30,402
99.83
Padhar
G
24,273
100.00
Bhunjia
M, MP, C
23,189
98.65
Chodhara
M, G
20,303
99.26
Barda
M, G
15,878
98.52
Kui Khond
M, MP, C
15,321
98.99
Biar/Biyar
MP, C
14,697
99.11
Gadaba
MP, C
10,089
99.06
Bavcha
M, G
8,098
98.10
Saonta
MP, C
4,781
99.62
Birhor
M, MP, C
4,570
98.69
Pomla
M, G
2,327
99.53
Saora/Savara
M, MP
2,271
99.56
Kisan/Nagasia
M, MP, C
                     256
100.00

The following are the tribes having between 90-97% of declared Hindus:

TRIBE
States
Total Population
%age of Hindus
%age of Christians
%age Of Muslims
Total %age H+C+M
Gond
M, G, MP, C
108,70,476
93.21
0.69

93.90
Gamit
M, G
6,30,075
91.91
8.02

99.93
Dhanka
M, G, R
4,20,398
93.36
2.44
3.92
99.72
Kharia
M, MP, C
77,413
96.47
3.34

99.81
BhilMina
R, MP, C
60,077
96.34

2.93
99.27
Vitholia
M, G
30,892
94.39
5.56

99.95
Parja
M, MP, C
6,542
96.35

2.87
99.22

And finally the few tribes where Hindus are less than 90%:

TRIBE
States
Total Population
%age of Hindus
%age of Christians
%age Of Muslims
Total %age H+C+M
Oraon
MP, C
7,48,901
64.34
32.88

97.22
Munda
MP, C
13,222
86.39
11.99

98.38
Patelia
M, G, R
8,791
83.60
0.19
15.22
99.01
Koya
M
802
86.78

12.84
99.62

To sum up the situation so far: we have seen the religious composition of the tribals in the whole of India to the north, west and south of the Jharkhand-Orissa line, and we find that in the overwhelming majority of the tribes the percentage of “Hindu Category One” tribals is far above 90%, and far more than the percentage of the Hindus in the general population of the states concerned. The tribals are more emphatically Hindu than the non-tribals of these states. In the few tribes where the powerful missionary machinery has made any impact, the converts are obviously from among “Hindu Category One” tribals, and “Hindu Category Three” tribals are almost totally absent.

It is only in the single case of the Gond tribe of the Western-Central heartland region that we find “Hindu Category Three” tribals of any significance: a total of 6,51,111 tribals from the Gond tribe in this region declare themselves to be neither Hindu-Buddhist-Sikh-Jain nor Muslim-Christian-Parsee-Jew. It is true that this is only 5.99% of the total Gond population of 108,70,476 in this region, and the “Hindu Category One” Gonds number 101,32,841, or 93.21% of the tribe. Nevertheless, we have here one case of a “Hindu Category Three” religion: a Gond religion. [As we also saw earlier, out of the miniscule population of 1,625 Ho tribals in Bihar, 3.08% declare themselves likewise to be “Hindu Category Three”, while 88.62% are outright Hindus. But this is only a spillover from the neighbouring Jharkhand area, as we shall see in a moment].

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